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Barbara Yong

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From Its roots in a food market in Wuhan, China from December 2019 to nations and the United States and the Philippines, the virus (officially named COVID-19) has infected tens of thousands, with a rising death toll now over 2,000

But in spite of the panic that is global the news about this virus, you’re unlikely to contract COVID-19 unless you’ve been in contact with someone who’s recently traveled to certain parts of China.

There’s no need to worry about the 2019 coronavirus if you haven’t recently traveled to China or been in contact with someone who’s been diagnosed with the virus.

Read on to learn how this coronavirus is spread, how it’s similar and different from other coronaviruses, and how to prevent spreading it to others you’ve caught this virus if you suspect.

What are the Symptoms of COVID-2019 Coronavirus?

Doctors are learning things that are new about this virus every day. So far we know that COVID-19 may not cause any symptoms initially.

You may carry the virus for 2 days or up to 2 weeks before you notice any symptoms. There has been a special case of finding the virus even after 4 weeks.

Some symptoms that are common have been specifically linked to the 2019 coronavirus include:

feeling short of breath
having a cough that gets more severe over time
A fever that is low-grade gradually increases in temperature

The full list of symptoms is still being investigated.

COVID-19 VS the flu

The symptoms of COVID-19 are similar to that of influenza (flu) virus.

The flu virus is much more common and much more deadly than the 2019 coronavirus.

At least 6.8 percent of people who developed the flu during the 2019–2020 flu season in the United States have died (as of 2020), compared to around 2 percent of those diagnosed with the 2019 coronavirus February.

Here are some common symptoms of a flu infection:

  • cough
  • runny or nose that is stuffy
  • sneezing
  • sore throat
  • fever
  • headache
  • fatigue
  • chills
  • body aches

What causes coronaviruses?

Coronaviruses are zoonotic. This means they first develop in animals before developing in humans.

A person has to come into close contact with an animal that carries the infection for the virus to pass from animal to humans.

Once the virus develops in people, coronaviruses can be spread from person to person through respiratory droplets. This is a name that is technical the wet stuff that moves through the air when you cough or sneeze.

The material that is viral out in these droplets and can be breathed into the respiratory tract (your windpipe and lungs), where the virus can then lead to an infection.

The 2019 coronavirus hasn’t been definitively linked to an animal that is specific.

But researchers believe that the virus might have been passed from bats to another animal — either snakes or pangolins — and then transmitted to humans. This transmission likely occurred in the food that is open in Wuhan, China.

How are coronaviruses diagnosed?

The 2019 coronavirus can be diagnosed similarly to other infections that are viral using a blood, saliva, or tissue sample. In the United States, only the CDC currently has the ability to diagnose an infection that is COVID-19.

Talk to your doctor right away if you’ve traveled to China in the past 14 days if you think you have a coronavirus infection, especially. Your doctor will speak to local health that is public to provide guidance on whether testing for the virus is needed.

A lab technician will either draw a sample of a needle to your blood or use a cotton swab to take a small sample of saliva or respiratory secretions from your nose or the back of your throat.

The sample is then sent to a testing facility to confirm the presence of viral material or antibodies that respond to the virus.

What treatments are available for Coronavirus?

There’s currently no treatment specifically approved for the 2019 coronavirus, and no cure for an infection, although treatments and vaccines are currently under study. Instead, treatment focuses on managing symptoms as the virus runs its course.

Seek immediate medical help if you think you have COVID-19. Your doctor will recommend treatment for any symptoms or complications that develop.

Other coronaviruses like SARS and MERS do have vaccines and treatments. Some treatments for these similar viruses include:

  • antiviral or retroviral medications
  • breathing support like mechanical ventilation
  • steroids to reduce lung swelling
  • blood plasma transfusions

What are the possible complications from COVID-19?

The most serious complication of COVID-19 is a type of pneumonia that’s been called 2019 novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia (NCIP).

Results from a 2020 study of 138 people admitted into hospitals in Wuhan, China with NCIP found that 26 percent of those admitted had severe cases and needed to be treated in the care that is intensive (ICU).

About 4.3 percent of these social people who were admitted to the ICU died from this type of pneumonia.

So far, NCIP is the complication that is only linked to the 2019 coronavirus. But researchers have seen the complications that are following people who have developed a coronavirus:

  • Acute distress that is respiratory (ARDS)
  • Irregular(arrhythmia that is heartbeat cardiovascular shock
  • severe muscle pain (myalgia)
  • fatigue
  • Heart
  • heart damage or heart attack

How to prevent coronaviruses?

The way that is best to prevent the spread of this virus is to avoid or limit contact with people who are showing symptoms of the virus and have traveled to China in the past 14 days.

The next thing that is best you can do is practice good hygiene to prevent bacteria and viruses from spreading.

  • Wash your hands frequently for at least 20 seconds at the right time with warm water and soap.
  • Don’t touch your face, eyes, nose, or mouth when your hands are dirty.
  • Don’t go out if you’re feeling sick or have any cold or flu symptoms.
  • Cover the inside to your mouth of your elbow whenever you sneeze or cough.
  • Throw away any tissues you use to blow your sneeze or nose right away.
  • Keep any objects you touch a complete lot clean. Use disinfectants on objects like phones, computers, utensils, dishware, and door handles.

Other species of coronaviruses

A coronavirus gets its name from the real way it looks under a microscope.

The word corona means “crown,” and when examined closely, the round virus has a crown that is called peplomers jutting out from its center in every direction. The virus is helped by these proteins to identify whether it can infect its host.

The condition known as severe respiratory that is acute (SARS) was also linked to a highly infectious coronavirus back in the early 2000s. The SARS virus has since been found and contained to be successfully treatable.

Fish is a healthy, low-fat meals, particularly vital because of its omega-3 fatty acids, which can be crucial”good” fats that our bodies do not create by themselves.

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC)Trusted Source reports that omega-3 fatty acids play a vital role in heart and brain health. Omega-3s are demonstrated to reduce inflammation and decrease the chance of coronary disease. They’re very important to prenatal development trusted source in babies, too.

The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends eating fish at least 2 times every week, especially fatty fish such as salmon, lake sardines, mackerel, and albacore tuna, that are saturated in omega-3s.

There are a number of dangers associated with eating fish. Contaminants like mercury and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) find their way to earth, lake, and sea water out of our industrial and household waste, then to the fish that live there.

They advise those classes to avoid fish with high levels

The subsequent 10 celebrity fish have made it on our”Greatest Fish” listing not just for having good nourishment and security profiles but since they are eco-friendly — being caught or farmed, and not overfished.

1. Alaskan salmon

Farmed salmon is considerably cheaper, but it may contain fewer vitamins and less fats and minerals, depending on whether it is not.

Salmon is a good option for your daily diet however if your budget permits, choose the wild selection such as Alaskan salmon.

2. Cod Fish

Codfish is an excellent source of phosphorus, niacin, also vitamin B-12. A 3-ounce cooked portion contains 15 to 20 grams of protein. Try a piccata sauce on top of cod for a great match, such as in this recipe from Paleo Grubs.

3. Mahi-mahi

Mahi-mahi, A tropical firm fish can hold up to almost any preparation. It’s sometimes confused with all the mammal dolphin Since It’s also called dolphinfish. But don’t worry, they are completely different.

4. Herring

Herring is a fish very similar to sardines, herring is good tasting. Smoked fish is packed with sodium though, thus eat it in moderation.

5. Mackerel

Rather than leaner fish, mackerel is an oily fish, rich in healthy fats. King mackerel is a high-mercury fish, therefore choose the lower mercury Spanish or mackerel choices that are smaller.

6. Perch

Another fish, perch can come from freshwater or the sea and has a medium texture. It tastes mild than other fish.

7. Rainbow trout

Farmed rainbow trout is a safer option than wild, as it’s raised protected from contaminants. And, as stated by the Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch, it’s among the greatest types of fish you can eat in regard to ecological effect.

8. Sardines

Sardin is a fatty fish, sardines are rich in vitamins. The canned version is simple to discover, and it is even more nutritious since you are consuming the whole fish, such as skin and bones (do not worry, they are pretty much dissolved). Consider topping a salad to get a meal using a can of these.

9. Tuna

Fresh or canned, tuna is a favorite option. Select a piece that is aromas and glossy ocean-fresh when choosing fresh tuna. It’s simple to prepare all it needs is a quick sear over high heat.

It’s recommended that people restrict albacore yellowfin, and ahi tuna as a result of their mercury content. Instead of white, that can be albacore, choose”chunk light” when buying canned tuna. Light tuna is almost always the species called skipjack.

10. Wild Alaskan pollock

Alaskan pollock is always wild-caught in the Pacific Ocean. Due to its light flavor and light feel, it is the fish most often Used for fish sticks and fish products that were anti inflammatory.

There are 2 types of cholesterol available. One is a “good” kind of cholesterol which your body needs to be called HDL.

What is HDL?

High-density Lipoprotein (HDL) is the good kind of cholesterol and the kind you want. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is the bad kind of cholesterol and the kind you wish to stay in check. HDL, LDL, and triglycerides make up cholesterol levels.

HDL Is just like a vacuum cleaner for cholesterol in the body. When it is at levels in your bloodstream, it removes extra plaque and cholesterol buildup in your arteries sends it to your liver. It is expelled by your liver . This helps reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease, heart attack, and stroke.

Read on to learn more about HD and what foods you should be eating to raise your HDL Ratio in relation to cholesterol.

What are good HDL levels?

According to the American Heart Association obtaining a cholesterol blood test by age 20. It’s a fantastic idea to speak with your doctor about getting one sooner if you’re at risk for obese or heart ailments or obese.

An ideal HDL level trusted Source is 60 milligrams/deciliter (mg/dL) or above. If it is under 40 mg/dL, your HDL is considered low. You need to aim to get an HDL level between 40 and 60 mg/dL, but over 60 mg/dL is optimal.

How the food affect cholesterol

The things that increase HDL are really not meals, but several medical and environmental elements.

Some Hormones raise HDL concentrations, such as estrogen or thyroid gland. Alcohol intake and exercise are associated with high HDL, also.

The right food choices can decrease your LDL levels, which enriches your HDL to LDL ratio.

The Mediterranean diet is a great place to get started. Research has revealed It is correlated with health and cholesterol. Start Integrating the following Mediterranean-style and HDL-friendly foods Into your diet.

1. Olive oil

The kind of fat found in olive oil and olives may lower LDL cholesterol within the human body’s effect.

Because olive oil breaks down at elevated temperatures, use olive oil instead of fats and oils when cooking at low temperatures.

As soon as they’re cooked, and also to taste foods use olive oil in salad dressings, sauces. Sprinkle chopped onions on salads or add them to soups, similar to this Sicilian fish soup.

Just make sure you use olive oil as it is high in calories.

2. Beans

Legumes and beans are a source of fiber. Reach for Black beans, kidney beans, black-eyed peas, navy beans, lentils, and others.

Canned beans comprise approximately half as much folate as cooked dry beans. Folate is.

Beans and legumes are excellent in side dishes, like in a Cajun corn and kidney bean salad, or in soup, similar to this Italian-style white bean and kale soup.

You may even whip up this spicy Southwestern black bean noodle through the week for a simple family-friendly dinner.

3. High-fiber fruit

Fruits such as prunes, oranges, and pears, with a great deal of fiber, raise your HDL level, and can reduce your LDL level.

Up them and stir them into oatmeal or cereal, or toss them into your blender and generate a tasty smoothie. They’re equally as good plain, also, either as an after-dinner treat or a midafternoon snack.

4. Whole grains

Whole grains, including cereals, bran, and rice, may decrease total cholesterol and your LDL. This in turn gives your HDL levels a percentage boost. That’s because these foods contain fiber — specifically soluble fiber, which is proven to help lower LDL.

Consume at least two servings of whole grains every day. That might be as simple as a comforting bowl of oatmeal for breakfast, 100 percent whole-grain bread, and a facet of brown rice in dinner.

5. Fatty fish

Omega-3 fatty acids, which can be found in fish, can reduce your LDL. Search for fattier options, such as:

  • mackerel
  • salmon
  • albacore tuna
  • sardines
  • rainbow trout

Try to get at least 2 servings of fish per week.

If you can’t consume enough fish to satisfy your omega-3 or do not like fish Aims, ask your doctor about fish-oil or krill-oil supplements. All these Over-the-counter supplements can deliver more than 1,000 milligrams of Omega-3-rich oil in each pill. However, they don’t deliver the same benefits as the food itself.

6. Flax Seeds

Flax seeds oil and ground flax seeds also comprise omega-3 fatty acids. Because they’re one of the better plant-based sources of this fat, many vegetarians use flax seeds as a source of omega-3 fatty acids.

Make certain that you buy ground flax seed. Whole flax Seeds are nearly impossible for the body to break down. This means that they never leave some of their nutrients behind and pass through your entire body.

Ground flax seeds can be sprinkled on your morning cereal, oatmeal, salads, dips, or yogurt, or added to baked goods. smoothies.

7. Nuts

Brazil nuts, pistachios, almonds, peanuts, along with Many Others, are filled With fats. They are also high in fiber and contain a chemical known as plant sterols.

Eat a ounce or 2 to get a bite or integrate them. Try out this walnut and banana smoothie to get a healthy breakfast, or steam-sautéed green beans with almonds and parsley to get a simple but elegant dish.

Just Bear in mind that if you are watching your calories, maintain your nut parts In check using a measuring scale or cup, because they are high in calories.

9. Avocado

Avocados are high in monounsaturated and folate fat. This kind of fat reduces your risk for heart attack, stroke, and cardiovascular disease and reduces LDL. They are also full of fiber, which will help maintain cholesterol.

Add pieces of avocado. Guacamole is a superb choice, too. Just make sure you reach for dippers that are low carb, such as carrots, celery, radishes, and tomatoes, rather than radishes tortilla chips.

10. Red wine

Drinking moderate amounts of red wine was shown to slightly increase HDL levels. It’s also been demonstrated to decrease your risk of heart disease. A moderate amount of alcohol is described as 1 glass every day for women and two glasses each day for men.

If you have high triglycerides however, red wine should not be absorbed. If you do not already drink, then you shouldn’t start only for the advantages. The connection between heart disease and alcohol may be due to other lifestyle factors, such as physical activity and diet, instead of alcohol.

Other foods like grapes or red grape juice may contain a number of the very same components found. Talk to your physician about your drinking habits and whether they place you at an increased risk for any ailment.

Other ways to improve your good cholesterol levels

Eating the right foods can help you improve your good cholesterol and lower your bad cholesterol, but it is not the one thing you should be doing to reach your desired amounts. Here are some other steps you can take:

Exercise

Daily exercise is one of the best ways. Start slow if you are new to exercise. Aim for 10 to 15 minutes a week of walking a few times. Slowly build up to at least 30 minutes of vigorous walking at least five times per week.

Losing weight

Lowering your weight may help decrease your LDL cholesterol levels and boost your HDL.