Anemia is defined as having a lower amount of red blood cells. When you take a blood test routinely, anemia is diagnosed as low hemoglobin levels or hematocrit. Hemoglobin is the primary protein found in red blood cells. It transports oxygen and distributes it to your body. If you have anemia, your hemoglobin levels will be lower as well. If it’s too low, organs or tissues may not be getting enough oxygen. Anemia-related symptoms, including tiredness or breathlessness, are caused by the fact that your organs don’t get the oxygen they require to function as they should.

Anemia is a condition with a shortage of good red blood cells that can transport enough oxygen to your tissues.

Forms

There are a variety of forms that can be anemia. Everyone comes having an individual cause. It may be temporary or chronic and ranges from mild to very severe. Most of the time, anemia can be due to a variety of causes. Talk to your doctor if you suspect you may are suffering from it. It may be a sign of a serious disease.

Treatments for anemia depend on the reason and can range from taking supplements or having medical procedures. You may be able to avoid certain types of anemia by following a healthy and varied diet.

Types

  1. Aplastic
  2. Caused by iron deficiency
  3. Caused by Sickle Cells
  4. Thalassemia
  5. Vitamin-deficiency anemia

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of anemia depend on the severity and cause of the anemia. Based on the grounds of your anemia may not be experiencing any symptoms.

The signs and symptoms, if they occur, could include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Skin tone pale or yellowish
  • Uncoordinated heartbeats
  • Breathing shortness
  • Lightheadedness or dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Cold feet and hands
  • Headaches

Anemia may at first be so subtle that you do not even notice it. However, symptoms get worse when it gets worse.

When is the best time to visit a doctor?

Consult your physician if you feel tired and don’t know what is causing it.

Fatigue can be caused by many things other than anemia; therefore, don’t believe that you’re deficient in iron if you’re exhausted. After deciding to donate blood, some people discover that their hemoglobin levels are low, indicating anemia. If you’re told you can’t donate due to low hemoglobin levels, you should make an appointment with your doctor.

Causes

Anemia could be caused by an issue in the womb (congenital) or an illness it develops (acquired). Which is a sign that your blood isn’t stocked with enough red blood cells.

It could occur when:

  • Your body doesn’t have enough red blood cells.
  • The bleeding process causes the loss of red blood cells faster than they are replaced.
  • Your body’s body is destroying red blood cells.

What are red blood cells, and what do they do?

The body produces three kinds of blood cells – white blood cells for fighting infections, platelets that help the blood clot, the red blood cell that transports oxygen through your lungs to the body’s rest, and carbon dioxide from your body back to your lung.

Red blood cells are a source of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein that makes blood red. Hemoglobin helps these red cells transport oxygen through your lungs and every part of your body. Which also helps transport carbon dioxide from different body parts to the lungs for exhalation.

The majority of blood cells, which include those that make up red blood cells, are often created in the bone marrow, a spongy tissue located in the large cavities of your bones. As a result, your body requires iron and vitamin B-12, folate, and other nutrients from your food.

A variety of causes of Anemia

Different forms of anemia can have various reasons. These include:

Due to iron deficiency. 

This most common form of anemia can be caused by a lack of iron within your body. The bone marrow requires iron to produce hemoglobin. The absence of iron in your system will not make enough hemoglobin to create red blood cells.

Without iron supplementation

this kind of anemia is common in pregnant women. It can also be due to blood loss due to excessive menstrual bleeding, gastric ulcers or the small bowel and colon cancer, and frequent use of medications for pain without prescription, particularly aspirin, which may cause irritation to the stomach lining and cause bleeding. It’s crucial to determine the root cause of the iron deficiency to avoid any recurrence of anemia.

Vitamin deficiency and anemia. Besides iron, your body requires folate and vitamin B12 to create adequate good red blood cells. A diet that is deficient in these and other important nutrients can decrease the production of red blood cells. People consuming sufficient B-12 don’t take in the vitamin, which can result in vitamin deficiency, sometimes referred to as pernicious.

Anemia is caused by inflammation. Certain diseases, like cancer, HIV / AIDS, Rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, Crohn’s disease, and many other chronics or acute inflammation disorders — may hinder the creation of red blood cells.

Anemia with aplastic features. This rare, life-threatening condition occurs when the body doesn’t make sufficient red blood cells. The causes of aplastic anemia are diseases, medications or autoimmune disorders, and exposure to harmful chemicals.

  • Anemias are associated with bone marrow diseases. A variety of illnesses, including myelofibrosis or leukemia, can cause anemia by affecting the production of blood in the bone marrow. The results of these kinds of cancer and other cancer-like conditions can range from moderate to life-threatening.

Hemolytic anemias. This group of anemias is caused by red blood cells getting destroyed quicker than bone marrow can replace them. Certain blood disorders increase the destruction of red blood cells. It is possible to inherit hemolytic anemia, or it might be diagnosed later on in your life.

Sickle cell anemia. An inherited and the sometimes fatal condition is hemolytic anemia. It is caused by a deficient form of hemoglobin which causes red blood cells to take on an unnatural shape, a crescent (sickle) appearance. The irregular blood cells die prematurely, leading to an ongoing lack of red blood cells.

Risk factors

These elements put you at a higher risk of getting anemia.

A diet that is deficient in certain minerals and vitamins. A diet consistently inadequate in iron and vitamin B12 folate, copper, and iron can increase your chance of suffering from anemia.

Indigestion disorders. An intestinal condition that hinders how nutrients are absorbed within your small intestines, like Crohn’s disease or celiac disease, can lead to anemia.

Menstrual flow. In general, women who haven’t experienced menopausal changes are more likely to develop iron deficiency anemia than postmenopausal women and men. Menstrual bleeding causes an increase in red blood cell count.

The term “pregnancy” refers to. Being pregnant and not taking a multivitamin that contains iron and folic acid increases the chance of developing anemia.

Chronic diseases. If you have kidney failure, cancer, or any other chronic condition, you may be at risk of developing anemia from chronic illness. These conditions could lead to an insufficient supply of red blood cells.

The slow, continuous loss of blood due to an ulcer or another source within your body could decrease the amount of iron, resulting in anemia caused by iron deficiency.

The family history. If your family has a history of acquired anemia, sickle cell anemia may also be at a higher risk of contracting the illness.

Other influences. A history of blood disorders, certain infections, and autoimmune diseases increases the risk of developing anemia. The effects of alcohol, exposure to toxic chemicals, and the use of certain medications can alter the production of red blood cells, which can cause anemia.

Age. People over age 65 are more at the chance of suffering from anemia.

Complications

If not treated, anemia may lead to a myriad of health issues like:

  • Extreme tiredness. Severe anemia can cause fatigue because it is difficult to complete daily activities.
  • Obstetric complications during pregnancy. Pregnant women with folate deficiency anemia are more likely to suffer complications, including premature birth.
  • Heart issues. Anemia can lead to a fast or irregular rhythm (arrhythmia). When you’re deficient in blood supply, the heart pumps more blood to compensate for oxygen deficiency in your blood. It could result in increased heart size or failure.
  • The death. Some inherited anemias like sickle cell anemia could cause life-threatening complications. A loss of blood in a short time can cause severe, acute anemia that could cause death. For older adults, anemia is linked to a greater risk of dying.

Prevention

Can’t avoid anemia in all kids; you can prevent anemia due to iron deficiency and vitamin deficiency by following the right diet, which includes many minerals and vitamins, such as:

  • Iron. Iron-rich foods include meat and other animal products, lentils, beans, iron-fortified cereals, dark green leafy vegetables, and dried fruits.
  • Folate. This nutrient and its synthetic form of folic acid are found in fruit and fruit juices and dark green leafy vegetables, green peas, peanuts, kidney beans, and enriched grains like pasta, cereal, bread, and bread rice.
  • Vitamin B-12. Foods rich in vitamin B12 are dairy products, meats, fortified cereals, and soy.
  • Vitamin C. Foods rich in vitamin C include citrus fruits, juices including broccoli, peppers and peppers, melons, tomatoes, and strawberries. They also aid in increasing the absorption of iron.
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