Overview

Headaches are more complex than many people are aware. Different types of headaches can present with distinct symptoms, occur for specific reasons, and require other treatment options.

Suppose you are aware of the kind of headache you suffer. In that case, Your doctor will be able to determine the treatment most likely to ease your headache and possibly even prevent headaches from occurring.

Common Headaches of all types

There are more than 150 kinds of headaches. However, the most commonly encountered types are:

Tension Headaches

Tension headaches are the most frequent headaches experienced by teenagers and adults. They can cause moderate to mild pain that can are not permanent. They typically do not have any other symptoms.

Headaches of Migraine

Migraine headaches are usually described as a pounding, painful throbbing. They can last anywhere from 4 hours to three days and typically occur between one and four months. Alongside the pain, some sufferers experience additional symptoms, like sensitization to light, sound, or smells; nausea or vomiting; and a loss of appetite and stomach, stomach, or stomach discomfort. If a child suffers from migraine, they might appear pale, feel dizzy, or have blurry vision, nausea, and an upset stomach. In addition, some migraines in children have digestive symptoms like vomiting. It happens every month, about once.

Cluster Headache

The headaches that cause these are the most serious. There could be intense burning or piercing pains in the area of one eye or behind it. It may be throbbing or persistent. The pain could be so fierce that people suffering from cluster headaches cannot stand still and frequently be able to walk around when they are experiencing an attack. On the other side of the discomfort, the eyelid drops and the eye’s redness, the pupil shrinks, or the eye produces tears. The nostril on the side droops or gets stuffed.

These are known as cluster headaches since they typically occur in groups. They can occur at least three times each day in an interval of clusters that could last for between 2 and 3 months. Each headache lasts from up to three hours. They can awaken you from a night of sleep. The headaches can be gone completely (your doctor may call this”remission”) over months or even years but then return after a while. Men are 3 to 4 three times more likely to experience headaches than women.

Chronic Headache Everyday

You experience this type of headache for 15 days or more per month for three months. Some headaches are brief. Some last for more than four hours. It’s usually one of four types of headaches that cause headaches:

  • Chronic migraine
  • Chronic tension headache
  • Newly daily, persistent headache
  • Hemicrania continua

Sinus Headache

If you suffer from sinus headaches, you experience a constant and deep discomfort in your cheekbones, forehead, or nasal bridge. The cause is when the cavities inside your head are damaged, referred to as sinuses. The pain is usually associated with other sinus-related symptoms that include the appearance of a runny nose, a feeling of fullness in the ears, a fever, and swelling of the face. A real sinus headache is a result of a nasal infection. The fluid that drains out of your nose may be green or yellow, in contrast to the clear discharge seen in migraine headaches that are clustered or sporadic.

Headaches Post-Traumatic

Posttraumatic stress headaches typically begin within a few days of head trauma. You’ll feel:

  • A dull ache that becomes more severe from time to time.
  • Vertigo
  • Lightheadedness
  • Trouble with concentration
  • Memory issues
  • Tiring quickly
  • Irritability

Headaches can be present for a couple of months. If it doesn’t get better in two weeks, consult your physician.

Less common headaches

Exercise Headaches

If you’re in a high-intensity environment and moving, your neck, head, and scalp muscles require more blood. As a result, the blood vessels in your head and neck expand to provide them with blood. Which causes a pulsing discomfort on both sides of your head. It may last anywhere from 5 minutes to hours. It typically occurs while exercising or after, regardless of whether it involves sex or exercise.

Hemicrania Continua

Hemicrania persistent is a constant and constant headache that usually results from the same head and face. Other signs are:

  • An ailment that is different in severity
  • Tears or red eyes
  • Nasal stuffiness or runny
  • Droopy eyelids
  • Contracted Iris
  • Responds to the painkiller indomethacin
  • More severe pain associated when you exercise
  • More severe pain is associated with drinking alcohol.

People also experience migraine symptoms such as:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light and sounds

There are two kinds:

  • Chronic It is common to experience headaches daily.
  • Replying The headaches last six months. They disappear for a few months or weeks and then return.

Hormone Headaches

It can experience headaches due to changing hormone levels in your menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopausal changes. In addition, the changes in hormones that result in birth control pills and hormone therapy can also trigger headaches. If they occur two days before your period or the first three days following it, they’re referred to as menstrual migraines.

New Persistent Headaches every day (NDPH)

The pain may be sudden and may last for three months or more. However, many people can recall the moment they felt pain.

Doctors don’t know what causes this headache occurs. Many people report that it appears following a flu-like illness, infection or surgery, or a stressful occasion.

The pain is usually moderate, but it’s very severe for certain people. It’s also difficult to manage.

The symptoms can be varied. They can be similar to tension headaches. Some sufferers also have symptoms associated with migraines like nausea or sensitiveness to light.

Consult your physician if your headache doesn’t ease or if the headache is serious.

Rebound Headaches

They are also called headaches from overuse of medication. For example, suppose you take an over-the-counter or prescription painkiller three times a week or more than ten days every month. In that case, you’re creating the conditions for further suffering. Once the pain relievers have worn off, the pain will come back, and you need to use more of them to end it. It could cause an unrelenting, dull headache that is often more severe during the daytime.

Rare Headaches

Ice Pick Headaches

These brief, stabbing, severe headaches typically last a few minutes. They may occur at least once throughout the day. If you experience one, visit your doctor. The headaches caused by ice picks could be a symptom or the result of other issues.

For Spinal Headaches

Speak to your doctor If you experience a headache following an epidural, a spinal tap, spinal block, or epidural. The doctor may refer to it as a puncture headache because these procedures require piercing the membrane surrounding the spinal cord if spinal fluid leaks out of the puncture and causes headaches.

Thunderclap Headaches

Many call it the most stressful time of your life. It pops up from nowhere and increases rapidly. The most common causes of headaches that cause thunderclaps are:

  • A blood vessel tear, rupture, or obstruction
  • A head injury to the head
  • A stroke caused by bleeding is caused by ruptured blood vessels inside your brain
  • A stroke is caused by the blockage of blood vessels in your brain
  • Blood vessels that are narrowed around the brain
  • Inflamed blood vessels
  • Changes in blood pressure during the latter stages of pregnancy.

Be sure to take a headache that is sudden and unexpected seriously. It’s usually the only warning indication of an issue that is serious.

A woman struggling with headache and resting

What is the cause of headache?

The discomfort you experience during the headache is due to the interaction of signals sent to your brain through blood vessels and nerves nearby. The specific nerves present in your blood vessels and the muscles in your head activate and transmit messages to the brain that signal for pain. However, it’s unclear how these signals come on in the first instance.

The most common causes of headaches are:

  • Infection. It can include colds, diseases, or fevers. Headaches can also result from disorders such as sinusitis (inflammation of the sinuses) or throat infections and ear infections. Sometimes headaches may result from an injury to the head, or often, they are a signal of a larger medical condition.
  • Stress. Depression and anxiety, drinking alcohol and eating infrequently and sleeping patterns, and excessive medication use. Other reasons include back or neck strain from poor posture.
  • Your surroundings include secondhand tobacco smoke, strong odors from perfumes or chemicals in your home or allergens, and certain food items. Noise, stress, pollution, lighting, and temperature variations are also possible triggers.
  • Genetics. Headaches, especially migraine headaches, are more likely to occur in families. A majority of kids and teens (90 percent) with migraines have family members that suffer from migraines. If both parents suffer from migraines, there’s a 70% chance that your child will have migraines. If one parent is the only one with a history of migraines, The risk decreases to 25-50 percent.

Doctors aren’t sure the causes of migraines. However, one theory suggests that an issue with the electrical charge that nerve cells receive results in a chain of changes that can trigger migraines.

A lot of physical activity may cause migraines in adults.

Making a diagnosis

You can begin the appropriate treatment program for your specific symptoms when you have your headaches diagnosed properly.

The first thing to do is consult your physician about the headaches you’re experiencing. They’ll perform a physical exam and inquire about your symptoms and the frequency they occur. It is important to be as thorough as you can with these descriptions. Please make a list for your doctor of what causes your headaches, the things that cause them to get worse, and the things that help you get better. Keep track of these details in a headache journal to help your doctor determine your issue.

Most people don’t need special diagnostic tests. Sometimes, however, doctors may recommend a CT scan or MRI to identify any problems within your brain causing your headaches. Unfortunately, the X-rays of your skull won’t aid. Likewise, an EEG (electroencephalogram) is unnecessary unless you’ve passed out when you had a headache.

If you notice that your pain symptoms increase or occur more frequently, seek out your doctor’s advice to send you to a specialist in headaches.

What are the best ways to treat headaches?

Your doctor might suggest various treatments to test. They may also recommend further tests or refer you to an expert in headaches.

The type of treatment that you need depends on various factors like the type of headache you experience and the frequency of it, and the reason for it. Some people don’t require medical attention in any way. Those who do could receive medication or electronic medical devices for therapy, stress reduction, and biofeedback. Your physician will develop an individual treatment plan that meets your specific requirements.

What happens after I begin treatment?

When you begin your treatment plan, monitor how well it’s functioning. A headache journal will help you track any changes or patterns in your mood. Be aware that it could require some time between you and your physician to determine the most effective treatment, so be patient. Tell them upfront about what’s helping you.

Although you’re being treated, it’s important to steer away from the things you’re aware of that can trigger headaches, such as foods or smells. Instead, it’s crucial to adhere to healthy routines that keep you feeling great, including regular exercise, good sleeping hours, and eating a balanced diet. In addition, make sure you schedule your appointment for follow-up visits so that your doctor will be able to assess how you’re feeling and adjust the treatment program if you need to.

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