Vertigo: What exactly is it?

Vertigo is a dizziness condition that gives illusions that your environment is moving or spinning. The feeling can be like nausea from motion; However, it’s not as severe as lightheadedness.

Vertigo Types

Two types are affected by vertigo, peripheral and central vertigo.

Peripheral vertigo

Peripheral vertigo can be described as the most frequently reported kind of vertigo. It results from an issue within the inner ear called the vestibular nerve, which regulates balance.

Central vertigo

Central vertigo is an outcome of a disorder in the brain. It could be caused by trusted sources and a range of conditions, such as:


Common causes of vertigo include: Trusted Source:

  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV). It is the most prevalent cause of vertigo. It creates a brief, intense feeling that you’re moving or spinning. The episodes are caused by a sudden shift in the movement of your head or an injury to the head.
  • The Infection. A viral infection of the vestibular nerve, also known as vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis, may cause severe perpetual vertigo.
  • Meniere’s Disease. When excessive fluid is accumulated inside the ear canal, it can cause abrupt instances of vertigo which last for up to an hour.
  • A migraine. Migraine-induced vertigo may last for minutes or hours.
  • Injury to the neck or head. Vertigo is a frequent symptom following a trauma neck or head, particularly in the event of damage to the vestibular system.
  • Medicines. Certain medications can cause trusted Source vertigo and other symptoms such as dizziness, hearing loss, tinnitus, or a ringing sound in the ears.

Benign vertigo with a positional angle

While benign paroxysmal vertigo due to position can be a nuisance, it’s usually not serious except in cases where it increases the risk of falling.

Symptoms may include trusted Sources:

  • dizziness
  • an impression of being in a state where you and your environment are moving or spinning
  • an imbalance or instability
  • nausea
  • vomiting

Do you think stress can cause vertigo?

While stress isn’t directly responsible for vertigo, however, it can exacerbate it. In addition, a 2016 researchTrusted Source indicates that high-stress levels can increase the risk of having a stroke which may lead to vertigo.


Commonly reported signs of vertigo are dizziness that usually gets worse with head movements. Patients typically describe it as a spinning sensation and the objects or space in their vicinity appearing to spin.

Other signs that can be a sign of vertigo include trusted Sources:

  • an increase in sweating
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • headache
  • Ringing or buzzing in your ears
  • hearing loss
  • Involuntary eye movements
  • Loss of balance


Treatment options for vertigo depend on the causes. To alleviate symptoms of dizziness, vestibular rehabilitation therapy and medications, such as meclizine (Antivert), have been discovered by Trusted Source to be efficient.

Repositioning maneuvers

The canalith repositioning technique, also known as The Epley move, is employed to alleviate the (Trusted Source) effects of BPPV.

These particular head movements can help remove crystals of canalith (small particles that cause vertigo) out of the canals of the inner ear.

Each treatment involves performing four different positions for 30-60 seconds and then repeating each part several times according to the needs.

A medical professional will help you perform each move throughout the procedure. It could also offer further guidance on how to complete this procedure at home.


Meclizine is an antihistamine. It’s a class of medications that are commonly employed in the treatment of allergic reactions.

Meclizine is effective for the treatment of (Trusted Source) vertigo and motion sickness. But, it could cause confusion or memory loss in older people.


There are a variety of exercises to alleviate the signs of vertigo. They generally involve walking in a straight line or holding certain postures to help improve stability.

They are similar to those used to treat vestibular disorders (VRT).

VRT involves training exercises developed by Trusted Source according to the individual and their specific symptoms. After a thorough medical exam, there are three primary techniques are used:

  • The habituation process, which can cause dizziness to increase, is a good
  • Gaze stabilization. It improves the control of eye movements so that the vision is clearer when the head moves.
  • Balance training to improve stability.

However, suppose you’re suffering from severe vertigo. Then, it is recommended to consult certified physical therapist assistants rather than doing these exercises by yourself.


Surgery is sometimes required to treat certain conditions that cause vertigo. For instance, brain tumors or head trauma.

There are many methods to relieve the discomfort that is caused by vertigo.

Certain supplements can improve sleep and reduce vertigo, such as Ginkgo Biloba and Melatonin.

There are a variety of exercises to treat vertigo that you can try using (Trusted Source) at home, including the Brandt-Daroff maneuver, The Semont technique, and the Foster maneuver.

Essential oils to treat vertigo

Essential oils like lavender could aid Trusted Source to reduce nausea and dizziness.

It is important to remember that there’s currently no research to support the application of essential oils to treat vertigo.

Vertigo diagnosis

A doctor can diagnose vertigo by conducting a clinical examination and gathering information about your symptoms and medical history.

Certain clinical tests and observations can help in the evaluation of vertigo. This includes tests for head impulses and the Dix-Hallpike technique (patients are swiftly lowered from a sitting position to sitting down).

In certain cases, tests may be required to determine vertigo, such as imaging hearing tests and imaging balance tests.

How long does vertigo last?

The symptoms and signs of BPPV may be temporary Trusted Source, with symptoms typically lasting no more than a minute.

In cases of Meniere’s Disease, vertigo episodes can last more than 20 minutes.

Vertigo caused by migraines can last for up to a couple of hours.

Vertigo vs. dizziness

Dizziness and vertigo can be frequently confused; vertigo can be described as feeling like the world is spinning even when there’s no motion.

Although dizziness is a than a word, patients usually think it’s a sign of being out of balance within their space.

  • stroke
  • brain tumor
  • migraine
  • traumatic brain injury
  • Infection
  • MS

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