Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) illness that impacts how your body converts foods into fuel. If your blood sugar levels go up, it triggers your pancreas to release insulin.

Types of diabetes

Diabetes mellitus, more commonly referred to as diabetes, is a metabolic disorder that causes high blood sugar levels. The hormone insulin transports sugar from your blood into cells to store or use as energy. If you have diabetes, your body does not produce enough insulin or isn’t able to effectively utilize the insulin it makes.

Untreated high blood sugars from diabetes could damage the eyes, nerves, kidneys, and many other organs.

There are several kinds of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. The immune system destroys and attacks cells within the pancreas in which insulin is created. It isn’t clear what triggers this attack. It’s estimated that 10% of those with diabetes suffer from this type of attack.
  • Type 2 Diabetes is when the body cannot use insulin, and the sugar builds within your blood.
  • Prediabetes is when the blood sugar of your patient is more than normal, but it’s not enough to warrant an official confirmation of the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes is used to describe high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. Insulin-blocking hormones released by the placenta trigger this kind of diabetes.

A rare disorder known as diabetic insipidus isn’t related to diabetes mellitus even though it shares a name. Instead, it’s a distinct disease where the kidneys drain excess water from your system.

Each type of diabetes comes with distinctive symptoms, causes, and treatment options.

Signs of diabetes

The symptoms of diabetes are due to an increase in blood sugar levels.

General symptoms

The main signs of diabetes include:

  • an increase in appetite
  • Increased thirst
  • weight loss
  • frequent urination
  • Vision blurred
  • Extreme fatigue
  • sores that won’t heal

The symptoms in men

In addition to the usual signs of diabetes, people who have diabetes might experience reduced sexual motivation, erectile dysfunction (ED), and muscle weakness.

Symptoms in women

Women with diabetes are also susceptible to symptoms, such as urinary tract infections, yeast infections, and itchy, dry skin.

Type 1 diabetes

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes could be:

  • extreme hunger
  • an increase in thirst
  • unintentional weight loss
  • frequent urination
  • blurry vision
  • tiredness

It could also trigger mood swings.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes symptoms could be:

  • more food cravings
  • an increase in thirst
  • Increased the frequency of urination
  • blurry vision
  • tiredness
  • sores that are difficult to heal

It can also trigger frequent infections since high blood sugars make it more difficult for the body to heal itself.

Gestational diabetes

Many women who have gestational diabetes do not exhibit any symptoms. Instead, the condition is typically discovered in a glucose test or an oral glucose tolerance test conducted between the 28th and 24th weeks of gestation.

Women with gestational diabetes can also notice increased thirst or urination in rare instances.

The final line

The symptoms of diabetes can be so insignificant that they’re difficult to recognize initially.

Diabetes causes

Different causes are involved with the various forms of diabetes. In addition, additional causes are associated with each type.

Type 1 diabetes

Doctors aren’t sure what is causing type-1 diabetes. Instead, the immune system is mistakenly attacking and destroys beta cells that produce insulin located in the pancreas.

Genes can play a role in the lives of certain individuals. There is also a possibility that an infection triggers off an immune system to attack.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes results from a combination of genetics and lifestyle-related aspects. Obesity or overweight can increase your risk of developing the disease too. The extra weight you carry, particularly on your stomach, can make your cells more susceptible to the effect of insulin blood sugar levels.

This disease is common in families. Families have genes that make them more likely to develop type 2 diabetes and be overweight.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes results from hormonal changes in pregnancy. The placenta makes hormones that make the cells of a pregnant lady less tolerant to insulin’s effects. As a result, it could lead to the blood sugar rising during pregnancy.

Females who’re obese when they are pregnant or gain weight during pregnancies tend to suffer from gestational diabetes.

The final line

Both environmental and genetic factors are involved in the onset of the development of diabetes.

Diabetes risk factors

Certain conditions increase the chance of developing diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes

It is more likely that you will develop type one diabetes when a teenager or a child has siblings or parents who suffer from the disease or carry specific genes that have been associated with the disease.

Type 2 diabetes

Your risk of developing type 2 diabetes rises when you:

  • If you are overweight,
  • you are 45 years old or older.
  • Have a sibling or parent who suffers from the condition.
  • Aren’t physically active
  • I have experienced gestational diabetes
  • and am prediabetic.
  • are suffering from hypertension, high cholesterol, or excessive triglycerides
  • are of African American, Hispanic or Latino American, Alaska Native, Pacific Islander, American Indian, and Asian American ancestry

Gestational diabetes

Your risk of getting gestational diabetic is increased if:

  • If you are overweight
  • If you are over the age of 25
  • had gestational diabetes during a past pregnancy
  • Have given birth to an infant weighing more than 9 lbs
  • Have an ancestral background of type 2 diabetes in the family.
  • are affected by polycystic the ovary syndrome (PCOS)

The final line

Your environment, family, and any preexisting medical condition can influence your risk of becoming diabetic.


Healthcare Professional

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