What are Phleboliths?

Phleboliths are small calcium calcification (masses composed of calcium) found within veins. They tend to call it as “vein stone.” Phleboliths begin by forming a blood clot. It becomes hardened over time as calcium.

If these masses of calcified mass are discovered in your pelvis, they’re known as pelvic phleboliths.

Pelvic phleboliths are either round or oval and are usually between 2 and 5 millimeters in size. They can develop in a variety of areas of the body, but the pelvic region is the most frequently affected by phleboliths.

Pelvic phleboliths can be found in a wide range. They’re believed to affect about 35% of those over 40 years old. They usually don’t cause issues or impact daily life.

If you’re feeling discomfort, consult your physician. Pelvic phleboliths shouldn’t cause discomfort.

Signs

Phleboliths are often not accompanied by symptoms. A person may only learn of them after undergoing an unrelated X-ray or ultrasound.

But, based on their size and position, they can trigger the following symptoms and signs:

  • Mild pain in the region
  • varicose veins, or blood clots that are due to a decreased blood flow
  • The swelling and dilated veins are present in the region
  • constipation that occurs when the phleboliths are located in the pelvic region

Since these symptoms are similar to symptoms of other illnesses, phleboliths could be misdiagnosed or missed.

Causes

Researchers are still determining what causes phleboliths to form. They usually appear from birth or are congenital.

The non-genetic causes of phleboliths are:

  • Vein abnormalities, or venous malformations, cause blood to flow slower and can cause calcium to accumulate
  • wall of the vein
  • varicose veins
  • Poor blood flow
  • constipation and straining can cause damage to pelvic veins.

Diagnosis

The lumps are easily found by routine X-rays and are often associated with other vein anomalies.

In an X-ray, the phleboliths look pale or white. The doctor might require additional scans, like ones from ultrasound or an MRI, to determine the exact position and size of the Phleboliths.

Depending on where the phleboliths are, they can be misdiagnosed as kidney stones. If someone experiences intense abdominal pain it could be due to kidney stones, not Phleboliths.

Phlebitis Treatment at Home Self-Care

An anti-inflammatory medication like aspirin or Ibuprofen can ease the inflammation and pain of superficial Phlebitis. However, please consult your physician prior to taking it.

If you walk more in a day, you’ll increase the flow of blood. This can prevent blood clots from forming.

The prescription leg compression socks ( knee or high thigh) boost blood flow and could assist in relieving swelling and pain.

Do not take a nap for long periods of time. It could make your symptoms worse.

If you suffer from deep vein thrombophlebitis, you might have to be at the hospital for a few days to receive a diagnosis and treatment to ensure no complications.

Medical Treatment

If your examination shows mild Phlebitis, but you’re generally healthy, you may be able to return home. You’ll need compression stockings and possibly anti-inflammatory medicines to manage the symptoms. The other treatment method is elevating the leg/arm and applying warm compresses. A few cases will require antibiotics.

If you’ve been diagnosed with any previous history of DVT and if the condition may develop to the deeper veins, you’ll need to be treated with an anticoagulant. Blood thinner (anticoagulant). The time frame for anticoagulant therapy typically lasts between 3 to 6 months or 3 to 12 months when it’s your first time having ever experienced DVT.

If you notice indications of infection, then an antibiotic is the initial solution for treatment.

When the superficial form of Phlebitis advances to involve the deeper veins, it’s an unavoidable condition that could require hospitalization to treat and further examination.

Outlook

Phleboliths are tiny clusters of calcium in veins. They typically appear from birth and connect with veins. It creates abnormalities that require treatment.

In most cases, Phleboliths are not a sign of a severe condition. Any lump in the body is a possible symptom; the patient must go to a doctor to discuss possible treatment options.

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