It is possible to develop a stomach ulcer (Peptic ulcer) if you have open sores in the inner lining that line your stomach or the upper region of your small intestine. It happens when stomach acids break the digestive tract’s shield consisting of mucus. There may be no signs or feel discomfort or burning. However, peptic ulcers can cause internal bleeding. It could mean that you’ll require blood transfusions at the hospital.
There are two types of Stomach Ulcer Disease:
- Gastric ulcer. It is what you get on your stomach liner.
- Duodenal ulcer. It appears at the very top of your small intestine. An organ that can digest and absorbs a lot of foods you eat.
What Causes Peptic Ulcers?
- Ulcers develop as digestive juices cause damage to the wall of the stomach or small intestine. If the mucus layer is too thin or your stomach produces excessive acid, your stomach will be irritated. Two major reasons are:
- Bacteria. It’s known as Helicobacter Pylori (H. Pylori), and as much as half have it. People who have H. Pylori infections don’t develop ulcers. In some, it could increase the acid content produced, cause the breakdown of the mucus layer and cause irritation to your digestive tract. The experts aren’t certain what causes the H. pylori infection spreads. It is believed that it can spread between people through close contact, for example, the act of kissing. It could also come from drinking unclean water or food.
- Certain painkillers. If you’ve used aspirin regularly and for long periods, it is more likely that you’ll develop an ulcer called a peptic. It is also true for the other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines ( NSAIDs). They comprise Ibuprofen as well as naproxen. The NSAIDs stop your body from producing the chemical that helps to protect the walls of your stomach and the small intestine from acidity caused by the stomach. Other pain medications include Acetaminophen will not cause ulcers in the peptic area.
- The act of smoking cigarettes or having a drink of alcohol could make it more likely for you to develop ulcers. Also, having a lot of stress and eating lots of spicy foods don’t cause ulcers, as some experts believe. However, they can make ulcers more severe and difficult to treat.
Stomach Ulcer Symptoms
Most likely, you’ll experience a burning sensation or discomfort in the breastbone and your belly button. It’s possible to notice it when you’re not eating a meal -like after meals or at night. The discomfort might ease for a short time after eating or taking an antacid, only to return. The pain may be present for just a few minutes or perhaps a couple of hours, and it may be absent for several days or weeks.
Other signs could be:
- Feeling bloated
- Weight loss or appetite loss
- Bloody or dark poop
- Stomach pain
Smaller ulcers might not trigger any symptoms. However, if you observe any of these symptoms, discuss them with your doctor.
Who is more likely to suffer from ulcers?
One out of every 10 people will develop an ulcer. Reasons that increase the risk of developing ulcers more likely are:
- Regular usage of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) is a class of pain relievers commonly used in the market that includes Ibuprofen (Advil(r) as well as Motrin(r)).
- A family tradition of ulcers.
- Inflammation of the kidney, liver, or lung disease.
- They are consistently drinking alcohol.
How Is a Peptic Ulcer Diagnosed?
The doctor will inquire regarding your complaints if you use NSAIDs, other medications, and your medical past. They’ll also test you for the presence of bloating in your belly and discomfort. It could be enough to warrant the diagnosis.
At one time, believed that diets may cause ulcers. However, we now know that this isn’t the case. It is also known that even though the food you consume won’t cause or treat a stomach ulcer, healthy food can improve your digestive tract and overall well-being.
In general, it’s best to eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and fiber.
It’s also possible that certain food items play a part in removing H. pylori. Foods that can aid in the fight against H. Pylori or improve the body’s healthy bacteria are:
- cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, and radishes
- leafy greens like spinach and Kale
- rich in probiotics, like sauerkraut miso, kombucha yogurt (especially that contain lactobacillus and Saccharomyces)
- blueberries, raspberries, and blackberries
- olive oil
In addition, because people suffering from stomach ulcers might also suffer from acid reflux diseases, it’s a good suggestion to avoid spicy and sour food items as the ulcer heals.
Home solutions to treat stomach ulcers
In addition to eating nutritious foods, the following products could help reduce the negative effects of H. Pylori, the bacteria that causes numerous stomach ulcers. These supplements are not meant to replace prescribed medication or your existing treatment regimen. They are:
- glutamine (food sources include fish, chicken eggs, spinach, and even cabbage)
Your doctor might also offer suggestions on what you could do to ease the discomfort caused by the ulcer. In addition, it would help if you talked with your physician about these home and natural solutions that treat ulcers.
When should you contact or see a physician?
If you suspect that you’ve got stomach ulcers, consult your doctor. Together, you’ll be able to discuss the symptoms you are experiencing and possible treatments. However, suppose you don’t have a doctor or a specialist.
It is crucial to have an ulcer in the stomach taken care of as if you don’t treat it ulcers, H. pylori can cause:
- the bleeding from the site of the ulcer, which can lead to life-threatening
- Penetration is a condition that happens when the ulcer travels through the digestive tract and then into a different organ, like the pancreas.
- Perforation is a condition that is caused when an ulcer forms an opening in the digestive tract’s wall.
- Obstruction (blockage) within the digestive tract. It results from the swelling of tissues that are inflamed.
- Stomach cancer, particularly gastric cancer non-cardia.
If you are experiencing one of the symptoms listed below, make sure you contact your doctor immediately: One of these could be an ulcer symptom.
- Trouble breathing
- black or red vomiting or stool
- A sudden, sharp pain that is felt in your abdomen that won’t disappear
Preventing stomach ulcers
To avoid spreading bacteria that could cause stomach ulcers, wash your hands thoroughly using detergent and soap on a daily routine. In addition, be certain to wash every food item and cook it properly whenever you need to.
To avoid ulcers and stomach acid caused by NSAIDs, avoid using these drugs (if you are able) or reduce the use of these medications. If you have to take NSAIDs, ensure that you adhere to the prescribed dosage and avoid alcohol when taking these drugs. Always take your NSAIDs with food and plenty of fluids.