What is epididymitis?

Epididymitis refers to an inflammation (swelling and itching) in the epididymis, an organ located in the back of the testicle which contains the sperm. The swelling can cause severe discomfort inside the testicle. It can happen to all men, but mostly in males between 14 to 35. The number of cases of epididymitis occurring in the United States each year.

Signs of Epididymitis

The signs and symptoms could include:

  • A red, swollen, or warm scrotum
  • The tenderness and pain of the testicle are typically on one side, which usually develops gradually.
  • Urinary pain or an urgent or frequent urge to go to the bathroom.
  • The penis is discharged from the penis.
  • Can feel the discomfort or pain within the abdomen or pelvic region.
  • Semen containing blood
  • Infrequently, fever can be a sign too.

Chronic Epididymitis

Epididymitis that persists for more than six weeks or occurs repeatedly is thought to be chronic. However, the symptoms of chronic epididymitis may be present slowly. Sometimes, can’t identify the reason for epididymitis.

When to visit a doctor?

Do not ignore any scrotal pain or swelling. These can result from a variety of ailments. However, certain of them need immediate treatment to avoid permanent injury.

If the pain in your scrotum is severe and you are experiencing severe pain, seek out emergency treatment. Also, visit a doctor if you are experiencing discharge from your penis or discomfort when you are urinating.

The Reasons for Epididymitis

  • STIs. Gonorrhea and chlamydia are among the most frequent causes of epididymitis among younger, active sexual males.
  • Other diseases. Bacteria from a prostate infection or urinary tract may spread from the affected epididymis to the site of infection. In addition, viral infections such as the mumps viral may cause epididymitis.
  • Epididymis urine (chemical epididymitis). This condition is when urine flows backward into the epididymis due to lifting heavy or straining.
  • Trauma. A groin injury can lead to epididymitis.
  • Tuberculosis. Rarely, epididymitis is caused by tuberculosis infections.

Risk factors

Certain sexual actions that could cause STIs could put you at risk for epididymitis that is sexually transmitted, such as being:

  • A partner who has STI
  • Sex without condoms
  • A brief history of STIs

The risk factors for nonsexually transmitted epididymitis are:

  • Urinary tract infections
  • The history of medical procedures that impact the urinary tract, like the placing the urinary catheter or scopes into the penis
  • A penis that is not circumcised or uncircumcised or an anatomical anomaly of the urinary tract.
  • Prostate enlargement increases the chance of epididymitis and bladder infections.


  • The infection is pus-filled (abscess) located in the scrotum
  • Epididymal orchitis occurs if the disease is spread from the epididymis to your testicle
  • Rarely there is a decrease in fertility.


To help guard against STIs that could cause epididymitis. Safe that can cause epididymitis. Practice safer.

If you’ve had a history of recurring urinary tract infections, or any other potential risk factors for epididymitis, your physician may suggest the possibility of a repeat.

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