The vagina in females is the pathway from the cervix into the vulva. Vaginal pain could be due to an emotional or medical issue. Prompt treatment and intervention could aid in obtaining relief and decrease the chance of developing complications.

What are the signs of vaginal pain?

The symptoms specific to vaginal pain and discomfort can vary according to the root reason. For instance, the vulvar vestibulitis condition causes pain when there is pressure on the vagina. However, vulvodynia, on the other hand, is an illness that can cause persistent discomfort.

Based on your particular condition, depending on your specific situation, you may be suffering from one or more signs that are associated vaginal pain

  • burning
  • Itching
  • soreness
  • Itchy
  • throbbing
  • rawness
  • pain during intercourse

If you experience vaginal pain caused by an infection, there could be an unusual vaginal discharge. It may, for example, be different in appearance or smell than normal. It could indicate the presence of a yeast infection or a bacterial one.

What is the reason for vaginal pain?

Vaginal pain can be restricted to the vaginal region. However, it could also extend down your pelvis or the cervix.

According to an article from UNC School of Medicine, the most frequently cited cause for vaginal pain is an infection. Examples include:

  • yeast infections
  • Gonorrhoea
  • chlamydia

Other possible causes of vaginal pain are:

  • injuries caused by sexual activity, birth, surgery or any other medical procedure
  • Vulvovaginal atrophy as a result of the drop in estrogen after menopausal changes
  • Vestibular vulvar ailment
  • cervical cancer

Vaginal pain may also result from a condition known as dyspareunia. It refers to a medical word that refers to painful sexual relations. It may be due to insufficient lubrication during sexual activity due to hormonal changes or the absence of Sexual Arousal.

Vaginal pain can also come from psychological problems, for example, a history of sexual abuse.

In certain instances, the doctor might not be able to determine the reason for your vaginal pain. Vulvodynia refers to the term used by doctors used to describe persistent vaginal pain without a known cause.

Who is at risk of experiencing vaginal pain?

All women may suffer from vaginal pain.

In some instances, your family’s medical history may increase the risk. For example, hormonal changes brought on through menopausal, pregnancy, or hysterectomy can increase the chance of suffering from vaginal discomfort. In addition, if you’ve had any prior history of treatment for breast cancer, you’re also more at risk.

Certain medications could also increase the risk of experiencing vaginal pain. Statins, for instance, are drugs that can lower cholesterol. They can cause dryness in the vagina. It could lead to vaginal discomfort.

The advancing age of women is also an indicator of risk. Menopausal changes can cause changes in your hormone levels and the thinning of your vaginal tissues. It impacts vaginal lubrication and may contribute to pain in your vagina.

Pain during intercourse

Having a sexual encounter can make vaginal pain worse, as friction can irritate.

But, if someone is experiencing vaginal pain only during sexual relations, vulvodynia might be the reason.

If an odour of fish is observed following a painful sexual activity, this could be a sign of BV.

 How is vaginal pain diagnosed?   

If you’re experiencing constant or frequent vaginal pain, schedule an appointment with your physician. They will help determine the root of your vaginal discomfort. In addition, they’ll likely ask for your medical information of you, examine your body, and, if required, order any of the tests.

To determine your medical history, you’ll be asked about your health conditions, including your medical symptoms, diagnoses of ailments, surgeries, and other procedures that have been performed. Additionally, you may ask about medication or supplements you’ve recently consumed.

It is also possible to be asked about your sexual health and lifestyle.

The doctor may examine your vaginal region.

This exam will look for indications of swelling, redness, scarring, or damage. They might apply pressure using an applicator swathed with cotton on your vagina and vulva to assess for discomfort. If you suffer from vulvodynia, you could feel severe pain when applying pressure.

You can also request the vaginal discharge to test. If it has an unusual kind or quantity of fungi, bacteria, and viruses, this is an indication that an infection is creating pain.

If your pain is intense and your physician suspects a serious health issue like cervical cancer, they could recommend further tests. It could include taking tissue samples from your cervical area for analysis.

If they suspect that your vaginal discomfort has a psychological cause or psychological causes, they can refer you to a psychiatrist or mental health practitioner for assessment.

Vaginal Pain Treatments

The reason for the pain will determine the best treatment option.

Antibiotics can treat gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, BV, and other infections caused by bacteria. In addition, physical injuries, like deep or infected wounds, can require antibiotics.

Since the yeast is an enzymatic fungus rather than an abacus, antibiotics will not cure yeast-related infections or cause them to get worse. Alternatively, the doctor can recommend an over-the-counter treatment or prescribe an oral antifungal medication.

The cysts of Bartholin usually go away on their own, but cold compresses may speed up the process. If the cyst becomes large, a physician may remove it surgically. If the cyst gets infected, it could require antibiotics.

Physical therapy can help pelvic floor injuries. The physical therapist may help the patient create a strategy for strengthening the pelvic floor in the home. Physical therapy can also aid in the treatment of vulvodynia.

Vulvodynia is a dreadfully difficult disease to cure. The appropriate treatment differs depending on the individual; however, it typically involves an array of

  • Topical and oral pain medication
  • stimulation of nerves
  • The drugs are referred to as nerve blocks.
  • Pilates exercises for pelvic floor
  • Sexual therapy
  • Avoiding triggers that are known when there is a possibility

Home remedies

Home remedies can’t cure vaginal infections caused by bacteria. If you try these remedies, it can cause an infection to worsen.

Anyone who suspects they may have an infection caused by bacteria should consult an expert for diagnosis and treatment.

Certain home remedies can help alleviate symptoms of other ailments. For example, it is possible that applying warm compresses to Bartholin’s cysts several every day will reduce the time needed to get rid of them.

Vaginal tears can often ease the pain by using a sitting bath and ice pack sprays to numb the area or combine these methods.


Strategies to prevent certain types of vaginal pain comprise:

  • using a condom while having sexual activity
  • Going through regular STI tests and discussing with every partner to provide information about STI status
  • switching out of clothing immediately when they are sweaty or wet, as the moisture creates an ideal environment for yeast
  • consulting a physician or midwife for suggestions on ways to prevent tears during birth, especially if you are expecting.

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